Long Vowels


In Japanese, if you change the length of vowels, the meaning of words may be completely different. Please take a look at these examples.




おばさん obasan (middle-aged woman) おばさんobaasan (elderly woman)

*You simply add after the a sound.






おじさん ojisan (middle-aged man) おじさん ojiisan (elderly man)

*You simply add after the i sound.






くき kuki (stem) kuuki (air)

*You simply add after the u sound.






てき teki (enemy) teeki (fixed period)

* You add after the e sound.

* There are some exceptions, such as おねえさん.





おじ oji (uncle) ooji (prince)

* You add after the o sound.

* There are some exceptions, such as おおきい (big).







Review (Long Vowels)


1) a. おじさん (uncle/ middle aged man) b. おじいさん (grandfather/ old man)


2) a. おばさん (aunt/ middle aged woman) b. おばあさん (grandmother/ old woman)


3) a. きょだい (huge) b. きょうだい (brothers)


4) a. えご (ego) b. えいご (English)


5) a. ゆき (snow) b. ゆうき (courage)


6) a. そしき (organization) b. そうしき (funeral)


7) a. とり (bird) b. とおり (street)


8) さようなら 9) りょこう 10) がくせい


11) とうきょう 12) こうさてん 13) おかんじょう

14) きょう 15) おおさか